Causes of the appearance of worms, signs and methods of treatment

Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize in internal organs, affecting them and causing various diseases.


dog in the house as a hawker of worms

Parasite eggs enter the human body in several ways.

  1. Contact is one of the most common ways to enter the human body. Contagious helminthiases are transmitted when the rules of personal hygiene are not followed (unwashed hands).
  2. Geoelminthiasis. The larvae enter the soil or water with the feces of sick animals or by transfer of insects. Flies are the main vector of infection. Also, the source of the invasion is direct contact with a sick animal, through feces, saliva or wool.
  3. Biohelminthiasis. Infection occurs via the alimentary route via food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits, eggs. Eating insufficiently heat-treated meat, fish and seafood also leads to invasion.
  4. transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.

Signs of the appearance of worms

itching in the anus with worms

It is possible to identify the presence of a disease in a person by using the following symptoms:

  • itching in the anus;
  • bloating, flatulence;
  • violation of the chair;
  • allergic rashes on the body;
  • weight changes;
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

If these signs appear, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will issue a referral for tests, diagnose the disease.

Treatment of worms

the doctor prescribes a treatment for worms

It is not possible to immediately detect the presence of the disease. The latency period can last for years. After diagnosis, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who conducts a series of tests, identifying the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. A specific course of treatment will be prescribed for each type of parasite. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions, injections.

Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy is repeated after a few weeks. During the treatment, part of the helminth worms dies and exits through the feces.

The treatment of worms has an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should undergo a preventive course against helminthiasis.